Bourgeoise Nantes


I grew up In Nantes, the 6th largest city in France, with a population of almost 300,000. My parents lived downtown, and I knew the city quite well. I still do: it never really changed. Some shops closed, some moved, new trends appeared and some district developed more than others. But France is an old country, and some things never change.

The first split in the French population isn’t so much the one between the city and the countryside. It is between those who live in the center of cities, and those who live in the banlieue ( the outskirts of the city). City centers are old but historical, walkable and expensive. The outskirts generally connotes areas of low-income apartments and social housing. They are frequently described as “sensitive urban areas” because of their high level of poverty, violence and various trafficking. The middle and upper classes live downtown, immigrants and poor people live in the outskirts.

Paris is a bit different: they are some rich suburbs (like Versailles), and even some “banlieues rouges” (red outskirts — areas where, traditionally, the French Communist Party was powerful). But these are exceptions.

Class struggle is still omnipresent in France. Because politics is a national pastime, people like to describe themselves as “à droite” (right-wing), “à gauche” (left-wing), “soixante-huitard” (a person who either participated in the May 1968 Movement or has Utopian ideas) etc. Other common social nicknames include “bo-bo” (short for “bourgeois-bohemian“, basically the 1990s descendants of the yuppies), “gauche caviar” (French “limousine liberal” or “Champagne socialist” — fake socialist), “bling bling” (describe nouveau riche attitudes; such as Sarkozy wearing expensive and stylish suits and enjoying being in gossip magazines), “beauf” (French “redneck” — a person thought to be vulgar, somewhat alcoholic, unintelligent, bigoted, chauvinistic, supporter of Nationalism etc.)…

And because in France, history and the past are more important than the future, and because nothing really changes, there is still a “us” and a “them”.

Nantes was the slave trade capital of France, which led it to become the largest port in France and a wealthy city. A few large and powerful families settled in the city and still live there today: on the Cours Cambronne (where appartments are valued at over 800,000 €), around the Place Graslin nearby with the posh restaurant “La Cigale”, the Place Royale (which is also the meeting point for demonstrations). The Quai de la Fosse still bears mascaron ornaments on buildings’ facades, symbols of the slave trade.

France is at the opposite of the “American Dream” ideology, where all citizens can pursue their goals in life through hard work and free choice. Born rich, born poor, little opportunity for change, that’s the way it is. Privileges are kept jealously… For example, in France, there is a law that requires cities to offer 20% of public housing to their citizens. If they don’t, they must pay a fine, and rich cities don’t mind paying it: bye bye “équalité“… Same goes for schools: by law, citizens are required to send their kids to a nearby school (assuming that way that all kind of social classes will mix). But some schools (are some districts) are notoriously better than others, and thousands of parents do everything they can to escape this regulation (popular tricks include renting a phony residence next to a better school).

Sweet old France…

Théâtre Graslin - Graslin Theater

Théâtre Graslin - Graslin Theater

Cours Cambronne

Cours Cambronne

Place Royale

Place Royale

Quai de La Fosse

Quai de La Fosse


About Author

French woman in English Canada. World citizen, new mom, traveler, translator, writer and photographer. Looking for comrades to start a new revolution.


  1. Salut Zhu,
    You are back in the old country !!
    Have a wonderful return to family,friends & old memories.
    BTW- You have an e mail from moi in your box 😉


  2. Hi Zhu,

    Oh France…oh Portugal…same thing!

    However, our government ended that law (where kids had to go to a school nearby home) exactly to end those tricks, that you spoke of. Now, people can choose which public school their kids can attend. But we have fine public schools, in general – because there are some nasty ones too.

    Social class differences: there will always be that in Europe. That is why it is Europe and not the USA.
    Should it change? Perhaps. Will it change? No.
    However, respect should increase in Europe.

    I have sent you the Pão de Queijo recipe (through the form in your blog): did you receive it well?


  3. Hey Zhu, this is so nice…yes there is more about France then just Paris 🙂

    I was down in the South as my English bought a piece of land and built their holiday home there. In Bordeaux and what a nice place 😀

    Thanks for introducing Nantes…I must check it out the next time I visit France 😀

  4. Moi, je suis au centre :p

    Je peux dire à quelqu’un qui est un boeuf?

    Can you please write a post about France’s health care system please? Je suis très curieuse…

  5. For sure France has a not so good side but it is still one of the best countries to live in. The culture, the food, the nature, the weather…

  6. I totally agree with you about the systems in place to maintain the status quo rather than allow upward movement and change. Take the whole lycée professionnel/lycée technique deal. In collège kids are supposed to have various stages to decide what they might want to do with their lives. Does the collège help them find a stage? No, the kids and their parents are supposed to do it. So what do the kids end up doing for a stage? Whatever Mom and Dad or their friends do. Rather than finding something that actually interests them, they end up doing whatever is easiest. You are predestined to end up the same as your parents. And don’t even get me started on how they determine which kids en up in the professional and technical lycées.

  7. @Agnes – France is a complex country… even I have been away for so long that it takes time to reconnect.

    @Bill Miller – Thank you! God I wish… I love writing. And positive feedback like yours keep me going!

    @barbara – See you… on Saturday! 😉

    @Shantanu – Glad I can give you a snapshot of French lives! Enjoy your Parisian holidays 🙂

    @Max Coutinho – Thank you for your recipe — I received it and will try it when I go back to Canada! Right now it’s a bit busy between friends and family. Social classes… yeah, this is definitely part of the old world, Canada is very different.

    @shionge – Bordeaux is nice, close to Nantes actually. Famous for its wine…!

    @Bluefish – Pas boeuf, beauf, like short for beau-frère. Je ne sais pas si les Québécois comprennent l’expression par contre… I wrote a post on health care a while ago:

    @Sidney – I guess. That said, the country has gotten extremely expensive in the last decade, and I like Canada best to live.

    @Soleil – I agree with you! Sometimes, French drive me crazy: they just don’t want to try anything new, no matter which government is reforming.

    @Lis of the North – Lille is lovely too: I visited a friend there a few years ago and the downtown is really nice. Bit cold though!

  8. I lived in Scotland for a couple of years, and have been visiting Europe pretty often — some years up to 3x — since then, and have an idea of the im/balances of life between the Old World and the New World. The most abrupt shock of class system prejudice was in my British life. There is snobbery in Canada, for sure, but nowhere near the extent that I could feel it in Britain. It is not just the visual impressions, but the way a person speaks which denotes where, exactly, they’re from and suddenly all the “important” information is out there in the open. It doesn’t matter anymore how you think or behave, people already begin to turn away because it is assumed you’re not on their socioeconomic level. After growing up in Canada, it is a culture shock of a different kind.

  9. Pingback: A Very French Taboo | Correr Es Mi Destino

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